دایره المعارف سینما

در این صفحه میتوانید معانی اصطلاحات مورد نیاز در فیلمنامه نویسی را پیدا کنید. کافیست کلمه یا عبارت مورد نظر حود را در قسمت زیر وارد کنید. این دایره المعارف در دو زبان فارسی و انگلیسی در دسترس شماست .

Action

Action, refers to the basic unit of screenwriting: descriptions of what happens inthe scene, including physical and psychological movement. When combined witha character’s dialogue, action helps to tell the story and are what comprise thebulk of the screenplay, conveying character, sound, and visual details about theworld to the audience (or reader).EXAMPLES:Screenplays require action to propel the story and need the use of action lines toapply it. Because of this, there are as many different ways of using action to tellthe story as there have been screenplays.Each individual action of a script often has deeper resonances with the characterwho attempts the

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Aftermath

Aftermath, is an event that is a direct result or consequence from a prior event,decision or action. Usually, the aftermath has a negative influence on thecharacters; an unexpected obstacle that must be overcome. Occasionally,aftermath is the implied conclusion of the film—what things will be like for thecharacters when the story is over. In contrast, sometimes the whole of the film isthe aftermath of an event that took place at the beginning of the movie.EXAMPLES:The Aftermath is everything that happens after Pandora’s Box is opened. Theaftermath is either the price the characters have to pay, or the characters rewardfor their actions.Fargo

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Allegorical Characters

Allegorical Characters, are characters who symbolically represent somethingmore than just their own individuality, allowing the audience to observe thecharacter’s as a figurative example of whatever the character is meant toThe Script Lab’s Encyclopedia of Screenwriting2represent. Because they are meant to embody an external model (either literal orabstract), an allegorical character sometimes demonstrates a less clearly-definedarc because of the character’s archetypal essence.EXAMPLES:There are a number of different ways films create allegorical characters; oneway is to make the character symbolize an idea or an abstract notion. Yet anotherway is to make the character symbolize a specific person without being acompletely recognizable copy

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Antagonist

The Antagonist is a character (or characters) in direct opposition to theprotagonist and acts as the hero’s adversary; the physical representation of theheroes dilemma. It’s always important to remember that in the antagonist’s mind,he or she isn’t the antagonist of the film, but rather, they see themselves as theThe Script Lab’s Encyclopedia of Screenwriting3ANTAGONIST (CONT’D)protagonist, thus justifying the lengths he or she are willing to go to thwart thefilm’s proper protagonist.EXAMPLES:Antagonists are designed to be foils for their protagonist counterparts; beingstrong in areas where the hero is weak in order to exploit the protagonist’s flawswhich must be overcome before the

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Anthropomorphism

Anthropomorphism, is ascribing human characteristics to non-human things,such as animals, objects, god or gods, etc. Anthropomorphic characters stilladhere to character, arcs, attitudes and cores, and may or may not includeallegory.EXAMPLES:Anthropomorphism is a popular form of allegory; superimposing humanemotions and tendencies onto things that are not human in order to establish theThe Script Lab’s Encyclopedia of Screenwriting4connection with the audience that many of our personal issues are universallyshared. Animated films that have talking animals, such as The Lion King (1994)are the most immediately recognizable examples of anthropomorphism, as manyfilms have been made using this technique to tell a story.Death itself is

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